I guess the real question to ask is WHY would someone want to be a radio amateur?
Well, just think sitting at your radio, your voice reaching halfway across town ot halfway around the world. This can be an exciting thing. It can be a great hobby, and it can be as expensive or as in-expensive as you want it to be.
You can run only locally using a handy talkie (HT) or a full blown base station with multiple radios and a huge antenna farm.
Amateur radio bring radio and digital together with various digital modes to use, satellite communications and even bouncing signals off of the moon.
Now, you may ask, how do I become a ham radio operator?
It is rather simple. There are currently three classes of radio amateur licenses. Technician, General,, and Extra. Each of these classes of licenses bring with it increased privileges as you move up the radio ladder.
Each license requires you to take an examination, usually given by a local ham radio club or group and passing with the required number of correct answers. Each test is required, so to get to extra in one day, you would have to take all three examinations.
Now, not wanting to invent the wheel and go into a lot of detail of the process, i m providing some helpful links to other orgaizations who can do this much better than i.
I hope you find what you need. If you need help please contact me. Good luck and 73.